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Symboles confédérés. État des lieux.

SPLC report on Confederate monuments (2017).

« (...) Even 153 years after the Civil War ended, Southern states continue to pay homage to the Confederate States of America, over which Davis presided as president.

To mark the occasion, we’re releasing an updated version of our 2016 report Whose Heritage ?, which catalogs Confederate monuments, place names and other tributes in public spaces from coast to coast.

In this edition, we’ve documented 1,728 such symbols – including several hundred not in the first report – and also identified the sponsors.

Explore the map of Confederate monuments

Here’s some of what we found :

772 monuments and statues in 23 states and the District of Columbia ;
100 public schools named for Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis or other Confederate icons ;
80 counties and cities named for Confederates ;
9 paid holidays for state employees in five states ; and
10 U.S. military bases named for Confederate military heroes.

These tributes are living symbols of white supremacy.

And, they’re part of a 150-year propaganda campaign to revise history – to mythologize the "Lost Cause" as a noble endeavor and to paint over the torture, murder and enslavement of millions of African Americans.

We all know the Confederate flag has long been an emblem of racist groups like the Ku Klux Klan.

But until our first report, it wasn’t widely known that most of the Confederate monuments were erected during the decades immediately following Reconstruction – as states were enacting Jim Crow laws – and later during the civil rights movement. Some are explicitly racist, like one that calls Confederates "the knightliest of the knightly race."

Change is finally happening.

When a young white supremacist massacred nine African Americans at a church in Charleston in 2015, it sparked a nationwide movement to take down these offensive symbols.

Our report found that, since then, cities and states have removed 110 Confederate monuments and other tributes from the public square. Some of them were once thought to be untouchable – like the 16-foot-tall bronze statue of Robert E. Lee in New Orleans and the 114-year-old statue of Nathan Bedford Forrest in Memphis.

We’re proud that we played a role in helping communities identify such tributes and take action.

But far too many remain. »

Mentions légales | Conception et réalisation: Lucien Castex | Plan du site | Accès restreint